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the biggest problems. no surprise. government policy created a massive disinvestment focusing on the real-estate market that bubble burst. third, large financial institutions called wall street made serious mistakes. if i was in charge i would let the institutions fail but they were in sentiment by the government model but almost eerie thing we have done since the financial crisis started, even things that may have been in the short term would drastically reduce standard of living long term. number five, the real cost and kidder are philosophical. finally if we don't change direction in the united states faces serious long-term problems. we're doing bad things to our children and grandchildren. what happened? we built too much residential real-estate investor at least $3 trillion and it made as much as $8 trillion. too many houses, too big of houses in the wrong place we should invest in education, manufacturing, te chnology. should have spent less and save more and borrow bus from foreigners. one thing people don't get it is housing is consumption. they think they invested in the house i
nation's history, it was the states rather than federal government that controlled access to religious worship, the rights of religious organizations and so on. and in the early decades of the 20th century, that began to shift as the supreme court applied the national constitutional establishment and free exercise clauses of the first amendment against the states sort of centralizing debates about religion. >> host: but if the states had the control, we had it written into our constitution, freedom of religion. >> guest: we did, indeed. but the first amendment begins "congress shall enact no law." so it was addressed only to the national government. >> host: were there restrictions by different states on religion? >> guest: oh, yes, there were. several states had religious establishments. most states limited the amount of property a religious organization could own. some taxed religious property. others banned given groups' practices. i'm thinking, for example, eventually various states in the southwest banning polygamy, for example. >> host: so when it came to massachusetts, talk abou
she served as national security and state department, negotiated the u.s. government -- with u.s. government with iranian officials here she's nice to hear professor lecture at american university in washington. the writing has appeared in "the new york times," "politico," foreign policy and washington monthly among others. they came to us last night from virginia, took a late night train and what i'd like to do is turn it over to you for your thoughts and comments to start off. >> thank you very much. i'm going to start for us today. let me thank you much for hosting us to thank you for coming. it's an honor pleasure and we look forward to nature scene discussion today. i'm going to start with two provocative themes from our new book, "going to tehran: why the united states must come to terms with the islamic republic of iran". the first of these means, and these two get at the heart of our book. the united states is today enhanced and for the past two years a power and relative decline in the middle east. the second core team as the biggest beneficiary of american ongoing dec
caused the financial crisis. in my book i talk about six themes. the financial crisis of the government policy. we don't live in a free market in the united states, we live in a mixed economy. it varies by industry. technology which by the way has done very well, the most regulated industry in the world this financial-services. that's where we had our biggest problem, not surprisingly because that's where we had our biggest problems. second of the policy created a massive disinvestment. they got focused on the residential real-estate market. the global burst as all due. at the large financial institutions that calls wall street and made serious mistakes. if i had been in charge of a but let the institutions fail. however the states were secondary and in the context of an incentive by government policy. almost everything we've done in the financial crisis started was a long time period even things that might be helping a low but in the short term will dramatically reduce the standard of living in the long-term. fifth point even though there's and a lot of economic financial causes the re
to operate, most county government operate under, we right now have $88 trillion of things we're going to have to pay for we have no idea where we're going to get the money over the next 75 years. $88 trillion. you know, that's about 1.05 trillion more in bills coming due than what we have over the next 75 years. if you didn't grow the government or the economy at all why have we put ourself in that position? and so the fact is we're now, the federal reserve has increased its balance sheet. of in other words, it's created $2 trillion worth of funny money. they printed $2 trillion worth of money and, ultimately, the pain of that is going to fall on the middle class and the very poor in this country. and it's going the defeat what both parties say they want. and yet we don't have the courage today to make the tough choices even if it means we lose our seats to secure the future for this country. we put ourselves first instead of the country first. it is not hard. if -- any american citizen if they read "back in black," they can go to our web site and read it, there's a lot of common sens
that the u.s. needs to change its policy towards the government of iran which they say is a rational actor and will play a leading role in the middle east for years to come. this is about an hour. >> it is an honor this morning to introduce flynt leverett who served at the state department and cia, but he's currently a professor at penn state out of carlyle. also with him is hillary mann leverett, and she served at the national security council and the state department. she negotiated the u.s. government, with the u.s. government with the iranian officials. she's now a senior professor, lecturer at american university in washington. their writing has appeared in "the new york times," politico, foreign policy and washington monthly, among others. they came to us last night from virginia. they took the late night train and stayed here. and what i'd like to do is just turn it over to you for your thoughts and comments to start off. >> well, thank you very much. i'm going to start off for us today. let me start by thanking you for hosting us. it's a real honor and pleasure, and we look forward
government programs don't work and a blueprint for change. doctors gellous, i'm here from the government and i'm here to help you. is that not true? >> not true. >> host: why not? na because most government social programs, which is designed to help people, don't actually help. in some instances, it is little more than the -- i hate saying this -- the do-gooder full employment act. provides lots of jobs to people who would like to help. but the end of the day, if you look at whether the needle has been moved, and people have really been helped by substantial government programs and substantial amounts of money, the bottom line is very rarely are people helped. and i thought that was a story worth telling. the idea came to me as i was being smuggled into the back door of the state house in the state of hawai'i for a meeting with the secretary -- the speaker of the house. hawaii was spending half a billion dollars a year on special education. part of that was subsidized by the federal government under the individuals with disabilities education act. the rest was being paid for by the taxp
ought to cancel this because it's never going to work. here's how an efficient government is. this last week we spend another hundred million dollars before they canceled it. they paid a settlement fee of $8 million. but two things didn't happen. the person responsible didn't get fired and wasn't held accountable in the company that didn't provide the service didn't get sued to get our money back, taxpayers of the country. nobody runs their household that way. the state government don't operate that way, but we are totally incompetent when it comes to spending america's taxpayer money. why would we continue to a $32 billion a year on i.t. programs that don't work for the federal government. but 60% of what they take out of the pentagon and that's governmentwide. why would we do that? were going to have a special senate committee to look at this, oversight, look at bad actors in government and demand the people get fired in the company is not performing pay the money back. none of that happens. so you can defraud the federal government. you can do it with impunity and that's because memb
college, and in 2001 he conspire with the the school administration and student government to secretly ban coffee or for one day without notice during finals week as a performance art project. so all these students get up in the morning, and there's no coffee in the cafeteria, bookstore, no coffee on campus. and they have friends dress up as drug dealers. buddy, you want to buy a shot of espresso for $6? and people were actually buying this. it made "the new york times," cbs news, all this kind of stuff. so that is the kind of outrage you would naturally expect if people told you you could no longer consume your favorite beverage, your favorite stimulant, coffee. and you begin to understand some of the outrage from people in the andes when the ignorant people, other people decide they can't chew coca anymore. and then finally just a, i would just say that, you know, this treaty, 1961 treaty, it's 52 years old now. and the u.s. and a number of, a small number of other governments say that we should not revisit these treaties, it's as though they were carved in stone. so much has changed sin
supporter of the royal government and was driven out of town. >> on the other side of that, with now is so a different source of media we can to fact check them how often direct lies in order to gain support or to turn people directly to one side or the other? >> well, i mean, you are definitely finding exaggerations, whether it was drastic or not, what i was interested in finding was that a lot of newspaper accounts came with disclaimers pics of the publishers, these printers very much valued reliable sources. and if the source was questionable, they would frequently print that with the article from some sort of disclaimer. >> i remember there was a letter that was published after the battle of lexington and concord that talks about the british soldiers coming to the parsonage in lexington and rampaging through and killing the barnyard animals. that never happened. there's a letter about the battle of bunker hill that says that general howe, as soon as the soldiers reached charlestown can seldom try tried to desert and run away, and he had to them strung up immediately on greasy. that did
's the author of this book, "the spirit of compromise: why governing demands it and campaigning undermines it." president gutmann, are we a politically compromised? >> guest: we were created in compromise. a lot of people think of the revolutionary war, which separated us from our mother country. but if you recall -- i know you weren't there then, but if you recall historically speaking our founding fathers crafted a compromise that created the constitution. they were as polarized as any set of americans have been throughout our country and our history. they were pro-and anti-slavery and the compromise. so yes, we were founded in compromise, that today compromises become more difficult than ever before. >> host: what do you mean when you talk about the uncompromising mindset? >> guest: we live in an era characterized as a permanent campaign, where everyday is election day in campaigning and election may make for uncompromising minds. you stand in your principles, mobilize your base, drawing endless amounts of money. 20 for seven new site will cover his politics is that it's a horserace and th
a sustainability of the afghan government standpoint we have done much better. and that's pretty depressing but i think that's the case. and we may have been worse. i think that a lot of ways you can make a strong argument that he was a more dynamic and creatively within hybrid car site. so the last thing though is where do we go going forward. and i think especially in the process. we had a strategy of very effective tactics, meaning the drone strikes. those aren't going to defeat the taliban and they're not going to fundamentally defeat al qaeda, in my view. i think they will suppress the taliban and al qaeda. and i think it's possible that al qaeda, in particular, will sort of defeat itself, the last 10 yards or so. because they've lost a lot of the important people. and their ideology is fundamentally in conflict with himself. but it comes to the taliban i'm not as optimistic as anand because i am quite pessimistic about the afghan government. and i don't think that what we will see is the taliban in sort of brushing with -- i think civil war in afghanistan is a real possibility in the years
the first phase of the war, his government categorically rebuffed all attempts by black men to join the fight, to showing union armies. but on this question, the need for more soldiers to fight the war ultimately prove decisive. under the pressure coming in and post. from adequately excluding blacks in 1861 and 1862 to recruit enough and soldiers in 1863. at the end of the war, 200,000 black soldiers and sailors had served in the union cause. union policy towards those soldiers and sailors change too. first they were confined almost solely to noncombat tasks, but their courageous conduct whenever they came under fire eventually it led the union to welcome black troops into combat duty. here we have been trying a black troops playing a role with slaves in north carolina, a common theme in the last year of the war. as lincoln repeatedly acknowledged, these black soldiers prove crucial to the eventual union victory, freeing and recruiting non-comic and explained tirelessly the only policy that can or could save the union. and a substantial departure from this policy he said insurers th
a hundred libraries in the country. as a nonprofit kind of cooperative effort, with the government and with institutions of governance, which libraries are, throughout the country. so there is a lot of cooperative effort that those take place. in the are a lot of digitals that come to mind. my favorite example is, comes from czarnecki see who wrote reading alito in tehran. she says when she speaks to her students she would say in tehran, you name an american president in the 19th century. and very few could, but one or two might sick wasn't lincoln in the 19th century? and then she says, can you name an american literary figure. all hands raise, and they say mark twain. and so who has the bigger impact in the world? is it a literary figure or is it a political figure? very interesting. we think politics as a society often, when really literature is the power driving figured. >> [inaudible] is advertising. i have always resisted putting advertising in the random house books. whether it be for real pharmaceutical, and yet when you take something like ian fleming novels, james bond, w
government as. and they are just as powerful relative to the state as tallis to france and maybe even more so yet only in america would we have a state oil company that lives in opposition to the state in which it resides. shrek stiller sent recently told scouting magazine that his favorite book is that this charge by i'm rant. that is a sort of touchstone for libertarians. it is an attitude of sort of skepticism, let's say generously toward the government that is peculiar. the equivalent company in france or italy or even in britain would be -- with have all gone to the same universities as the president of the united states. it would be buddies. it would be an interlocking sense of world youth and maybe even if they would work arm and arm with the french government abroad in order to secure the interest and so forth. but, you know, this country, we are skeptical of our government. and the last irony, we are also skeptical of concentrated power. so here, an institution with enormous concentrated power of his chief executive reads a book that is basically about the dangers of concentrated pow
the cases about can the government fly over your home and use technology that emanates from your home? we have had questions about gps navigators and we will have many market and the forefathers had no idea and the computer chips would come in and benjamin franklin i felt very much. [laughter] he never imagined these today. if they used terms that were more specific than they did, we wouldn't have been given the opportunity for the experience so they did a mixture of some very things. you can't do this, what did we forget about today you can't court of the militia in people's homes except in times of war. that's pretty specific but there were many other things. it gives a concept as we are guided by that concept. >> what worries you about the constitution, are there any trends, issues that he might have gura on? [laughter] i don't think this is before they talk about it, but i will talk about one thing the recent elections in have any gratification about. our forefathers were citizens statesman. back then by the way they were all meant so that's why i use the word statesman. they were peo
national energy policy then the federal government is, and they're just as powerful relative to the state as tal is so france and even more. so only in america would we have a state oil company that lives in opposition to the state in which it resides. rex tillerson recently told scouting magazine his favorite book is atlas shrugged by ayn rand, and it suggests an attitude of skepticism toward the government that is peculiar. now, a company in france or italy or britain would be -- would have all again to the same universities as the president of the united states, they would be buddies and a locking sense of world view and maybe even,s they would work arm in arm with the french government abroad in order to secure they're -- their interests, but this country, we're skeptical of our government, and the irony is we're also skeptical of concentrated power. so exxonmobil is an institution with enormous concentrated power. the chief executive reads a book that is basically about the dangers of concentrated power and celebrates it. so we're a funny country. >> host: one of the things that came
to pay attention, not just local people but the federal government. it would write letters, do all kinds. no one would pay any attention. the sole rights commission decided that first year it would go out and listen to these people and see what they had to say. they had the power to subpoena anyone. eisenhower said, the reason why i want to get it passed by congress instead of issuing an executive order is because by attorney general tells me that is the only way they can subpoena anybody. given what the problems are, some people may not want to come to testify. so the commission most important power of subpoena. they went and looked all over the place to see what the problems or. they made recommendations that were controversial but seemed to make sense. so after they had been there for a while it was clear they need to be reauthorize to needed to be continued to work on these issues. then of course bell rock crisis and those civil-rights movement started to heat up. it was clear that there was a need. in the commission spent the next few years figuring out what to recommend to the gove
happy about that. so the primary issue had to do with the organization and the polish government and who would be in the government. in the agreements were as loose as could possibly be. stalin was supposed to reorganize the government. and of of course, he of here this early, the only thing he cared about was protecting its borders. he didn't care about the u.n. he didn't care about reparations, and that was not his primary concern. his primary concern was territorial protections security forces country. so they went back and forth on that. the hopkins got nowhere on the issue of the polish government issue of the polish government and they had arrested 16 polish underground people. everybody said that hopkins have done miracles. but they never saw a result of the polish problem. unlike truman, roosevelt was not backed into a corner and the getting into shouting matches. roosevelt never would've done that. not a lot they suspect it still would've gone away, but it just would've taken longer. george cain said to hopkins before he went in to talk to stone, he said, essentially, don't try
johnson readily be barry goldwater and richard nixon overwhelming george mcgovern. in each of those elections, one of the candidates failed to capture the spirit of the american voting public. and the winner had the advantage of the weak opponent. franklin roosevelt won his second term, landslide, because of his huge popularity. however, in many more presidential elections, the candidates are in a heated battle to present themselves as the one best capable of serving the country with the winner walking off with the modest majority. it is a customary wisdom that the campaign between the incumbent president and his opponent will be either a referendum on the first term of the president, or a judgment of which candidate will be the better leader. is there really a difference between these two considerations? does not boil down to judging the leadership skill of the incumbent based on his effectiveness during his first term, versus the unknown leadership skills of the challenger? it's easy to point to the national security, or the economic consequences, or consequent impact on the ratin
, he taught at mit, was always concerned that one day the high amount of government debt in japan would catch up to it. notwithstanding that over 90% of it is held by japanese. and, of course, now it's 235% of gdp, the largest of any developed country in the world. and this is something that has to be taken into account as these stimulus programs are pushed ahead, because it's something that japan has got to deal with sooner rather than later. it's sort of like us with our spending problem here. so i think what are we looking at worldwide? i've mentioned the three largest economies in the world. i have not mentioned china because i've been talking about developed economies. but i think we're looking to the emerging markets, 2013, to be very much a driver. and we have a new leadership in china, shi jinping will come in as premier. they will take these posts formally in the march, and i'm optimistic based on my knowledge of these two things -- individuals, and i think what you're going to see there is they're going to open up the economy in the financial be sector. i think they'll be free
governments have to operate we have no idea where we get the money over the next 75 years. $88 trillion. that is one point* $05 trillion of bills coming due than we have. if you did not grow the economy at all, a white reporter self in that position? the fed has increased its balance sheet they printed $2 trillion worth of phony many and ultimately the pain will fall on the middle-class and the very core. it is the most -- both parties say they want even if it means we lose our seat reporters cells first instead of the country. it is not hard any citizen if they read back in black there is common-sense ways to save money. just this last week the air force announced this year we spend $64 billion on miti projects 64 billion said gao says half of that will be wasted. it will never be completed. and back in black the city ought to cancel this because it will never work. this is out inefficient government is. finally the air force canceled the spent another 100 million first. they paid the settlement fee to cancel of $8 million. but the person responsible did not get fired and not held acco
from outside the united states coming here including many senior government officials from outside the country. they want to toe what's going on -- they want to know what's going on in the innovation. we're the host and we're also a growing, important industry that is making a difference in the future. when you're talking about raising revenue or cutting spending innovation is the answer. innovation is growth, and we have to make sure our government does not hurt innovation. and sometimes they come awfully close. last year we were talking about pipa and sopa, a law rushing through congress because the copper lobby is so strong which would have allowed, basically anyone in the world to shut down any internet web site. and thank god that was stopped. and it was stopped in part because it started here with members of congress holding a press conference saying this must be stopped. innovation is too important consumer access to the internet is too important, we have to do something about it. and now that sopa and pipa is dead, it's like name your kid adam. no one will do it ever again.
government officials from outside the country. they want to know what's going on with innovation. we are the host and we are phenomenally dynamic growing important industry making a difference in the future. when you're talking about raising revenue or raising taxes or cutting spending innovation is the answer. innovation is growth and we have to make sure our government does not hurt them . we were talking here about hipaa and sopa about the law of rushing through congress because the lobbyists is so strong that would allow anyone in the world to shut down any internet web site by claiming copyright infringement and thank god that was. was stopped because it started here with members of congress holding a press conference saying this must be stopped. innovation is too important in consumer access to the internet is to import and we have to do some ring about. we will never have legislation like that again in congress. it's like name your kid adolf. no one will ever do it again. >> host: gary shapiro do you have an opinion on who you would like to replace julius genachowski at the f
with the perennial conflict between the executive and legislative branches of government. most presidents will extend their exclusive hands of authority to the utmost, congress on the other hand generally seeks to limit, the president's freedom of action. is understood, however, time to time setting such limit may be needed. fourth, the president of servers embrace. of invincibility, of hubris which icons the president to lose touch with political realities. five, the president must exercise influence over and effectively communicate with the nations whose able to communicate persuasively. six, the majority of american people must believe in the president's integrity and sustain a substantial level of pride and the president throughout the eight years in office, despite specific shortcomings he must have strengthened the nation on alan by his actions. the president must lead a legacy for the nation. the list of those failed in their second term includes george washington, james madison, andrew jackson, theodore roosevelt, dwight eisenhower, ronald reagan and bill clinton. the game is a special case i
the troops returning on that overthrowing elected government. but to my mind a great template of how to do this successfully comes from somebody that we tend to forget these days, but we should remember, it would lansdale, the quiet american who was once a legendary figure. he was a former advertising man who joined the air force in the cia and was sent to the philippines in the late 1940's when they were facing a rebellion, one of the major communist uprising of the post-world war two time. and what he did was, he did not send an army to back him up. he simply drove out to the boondocks to get to know the people of the philippines. nasa and the embassy like semiofficial americans do today. he went out to figure out what was really going on. the most important thing that he did was identified a great leader who could leave the philippines out of this with some support. that was ramon, a filipino senator when he encountered in. he was pushed to make him the defense minister and then the president's. he was this great leader who routed out a lot of the corruption which was causing people to
is unreasonable search and seizure? we have dealt with cases about can the government flyover your home and use technology that takes the air that emanates from your home? we have questions about wiretaps, a gps tracking tracking, people in cars, we will have many more. for sure the forefathers had no idea. [laughter] computers and computer chips would come into existence. even benjamin franklin, i doubt very much. [laughter] that he ever in his wildest fantasies imagines the things we can do today. if they had used terms that were more specific, we would not have been given the opportunity to define with experience. said they did a mixture of very, very clear things. you cannot do this. one thing we forget you cannot quarter the militia in people's homes except in times of war. that is pretty specific. but there were many other things they left general. i think that is why. they gave us a concept. and we are guided by that concept but not wedded to a fixed time. >>host: what worries you about the constitution? any trends are issues you might have your eye on? [laughter] >>guest: are you a lawy
under. and a government that basically drove up the deficit, and regional governments because regions are very important in spain, also drove up this problem with big deficits. and they weren't attended to. and so, in each one of these you have somewhat of a different reason. the case of italy, a debt to gdp of over 120%, and growing, and the lack of action and trying to do anything about it by the former government. he came in as a technician. technicians are great. whether it be greece or italy will be seen this. there'll be elections in italy and we will see how we does. but you need popular mandates to get changes really through. i'm encouraged with the ireland. they're making good progress getting back to the market but there's still a lot of problems. the latest victim is cyprus. the banks held a lot of greek paper. they ran up the deficit there, and so they are the latest bailout case that we are going to see. that each country is different, and that leads to what is the same, and that's contagion. europeans did not want to see that there was contagion at the time of greece. an
toward the government of iran is necessary. that's at 9 a.m. eastern. at 3 p.m., williams rhodes explores the financial challenges facing europe and asia. watch these programs and more all weekend long on booktv. for a complete schedule, visit >> next, from politics & prose bookstore in washington, d.c., thane gustafson looks at how russia's unstable economic and political systems could impact the country's oil output with 12% of the world's oil supply coming from rush b shah, he also explores what this could mean for the global economy. this is a little under an hour. >> a pleasure to see you all here tonight. as we know, happinesses is a relative thing, and i began the day this morning in the dentist's chair having a crown put in, and here by tonight i'm at politics & prose. so i'm a very happy man having gone from one extreme to the other. so it's a special pleasure to welcome you all here tonight and, gosh, standing room only. so this is marvelous. well, i thought i would begin by telling you a few stories about what the book is about and skipping the big structure and sim
for government institutions to be supported and formed that would be capable of doing that kind of thing, which would have eliminated a major part of the crisis when the earthquake struck and could be done now to help eliminate and ameliorate and address present crises including the cholera epidemic which we will talk about a little bit later and another crisis in a future the future so thank you for the visual aid, fiji water. now i would like to drink some which may make me a bit of a hypocrite that as you read in the book that is also part of my character. [laughter] okay, so the end. the phone was next to me on the bed. ignoring this was proving difficult. it was a hot slow january jen'nan just passed for 45:00 p.m. in the hills above port-au-prince in the news between christmas and carnival offered a distraction. by burin residents were quiet. my lone housemate was on home. at our main translator and driver was finishing phonecalls and the large first floor office space before heading down the hill where he had been living since his divorce. the only other person around was the hard-workin
and long before the earthquake for a system for potable water to be maintained and government institutions to be supportive to be capable to do that kind of thing valid eliminate a major part of the crisis. and that could help to ameliorate of present crisis like the cholera epidemic. and other crisis of the future. drinking this may make me a hypocrite but that is part of my character, as you will read in the book. >> the phone was next to me on the bet not ringing. this is difficult. a slow january afternoon in the hills above port-au-prince and the time before christmas and cornball was a distraction. why alone housemates the photographer was at home my a main translator was translating phone calls before heading down to a family's house for he had been living since his divorce. a haitian mechanic was replacing the brake pads on may 13 year-old jew tracker. the call was from someone telling me i could ship out. after two and a half years of disasters and riots, many pet cars nonutility i could count on i was done with haiti. my friends are great the house was terrific wins set back agai
by the demonstrations in birmingham, which revealed the police dogs dogs and the fire h. suddenly the government had to act. the first great accomplishment of lynn johnson son, that not much attention is given to, is the magnificent way he assumed the presidency. this was a nation in crisis. we had a cold war going on. in which the -- there was huge fear of russian missiles heading our way. our president had been killed. we didn't know whether it was the russians who had kill him or castro or -- it was great, great uncertainty. and johnson came to that job, reassured the nation, took the reins of government, and during that first year, he was president, passed the historic 1964 civil rights act, which outlawed official segregation in the south, made employment discrimination a crime. it was a very, very -- probably the most important advance since lincoln signed the emancipation proclaimation, and during that year, if johnson was mr. inside, and some outside, because he gave some inspirational speeches -- king kept the pressure on. whenever he thought that the congress was going to falter, that they
at a cost provocations that i think are necessary, we see that the federal government and state of florida acting as they should act to investigate. we've seen the police chief. they are happening they stir up emotions, but unfortunately of the black agenda in america today is driven by emotions, inability and those that they are with no issues within the scabs off. >> host: professor miller, what do you teach? >> guest: and an assistant professor of government, so i teach american exceptionalism, a primary class and also associate dean for the online programs for the school of government. robust and criminal politics, prelaw programs incise naturalization. >> host: is america an exceptional nation? >> guest: yes, i believe it is. i don't believe it is for any other reason than it's built on an ideal and it's an idea of the nation strives and strains to live up to, but at least this one in our history we've always come out of these conflicts better than we were when we went into that. it's tragic sometimes has the civil war proved and sometimes it takes a long time, but as long as we are a
of government, and exposing them in such a way that the deprivations of corrected and that's what he did. he concentrated on those individual things and the people in georgia would know that if they had experienced in their own community of some industry ten the basic principles of human rights the could call on jack nelson or their own state police in the county in the top levels of the governing levels in the fellowship this is the second juror was in the state senate and then came back for my last time in the state senator and from there went on the to be the employee of the l.a. times because the heady 50% increase in salary and the wife and three kids to take care of but then one reason why is she said i was not a crook. [laughter] >> i haven't had as much opportunity to be a crook as some people asked recognized him for his true work and before jack passed away a lot of the reporters that i had known as many news reporters as people in georgia who had the most integrity, the most personal courage and ability to expose the truth of any human being ever known. [applause] >> let me talk a
of the american people and to govern. "national review" as a magazine for about its existence, and probably even more so in its years in the 50's and 60's very much needed bill buckley managing editor priscilla and every other major person there acknowledged they very much need a man like bill rusher to serve as a political ideas and the years as a political counselor, has a link between "national review" type of people as he tended to put it the intellectuals and the practical politicians come he didn't just mean people aspiring to public office, but people like his good friend the mastermind of the campaign and the wall marshall of the campaign. he too was a politician and rusher was somewhat of a practitioner of actual politics. he placed a tremendous value on these people, and he was always trying with some success to get the more philosophical conservatives a classic example of course being buckley himself to appreciate that sort of career, that serve individual and that sort of effort. a lot of what you'll find in the book and i sure some of you have read it is a good deal of back-and-fort
of the american people and to govern. "national review" as a very intellectual magazines throughout its existence, and probably even more so in its early years in the 50s and 60s, very much needed -- bill buckley, managing editor priscilla buckley and every other major person they're acknowledged that they very much needed a man just like william rusher to serve as political eyes and ears, as political counselor, as a link between national review type people as william rusher put it to me the intellectuals and the practical politicians, by politicians he did not just mean people in or aspiring to public office but people like his good friend f. clifton white, mastermind of the draft will water campaign and marshall of the old water campaign, white too with a politician and william rusher was something of a politician, a practitioner of act will politics. william rusher please tremendous value on these people. and he was always trying with some success to get a more philosophical conservatives. classic example, buckley himself, to appreciate that sort of career, that sort of individual and that so
and it kills 109 people and causes the government of malaysia to kill 1.1 million pigs. some of these farms, people were so scared by this disease that they were abandoning their own farms and runway from their own pig farms. at one point the pigs were running loose through the villages. it's like a nightmare scenario, but it really happened. it's like something out of the book of exodus. infectious pigs running wild through the countryside, coughing a virus. one fellow called it a one-mile barking cough because he could hear the sick pigs coming and you knew that your farm would be next. this is a true story, encephalitis is what resulted in humans. this is what do these scientists do. they try to solve the ecology and biology of these new diseases. where does the virus led? what is the reservoir host a mad cow humans come in contact with the virus and in many cases it is an ecologic disruption it causes the spillover. it gets into an intermediate nytimes, pigs were horses are referred to as the amplifier host. he shed and then the virus gets in the people. in australia the virus is called
. then it gets into humans and kills 109 people causes the government of malaysia to kill of all the p.i.g.s. coming from infected farms. some farms people. coming from infected farms. some farms people were so scared that they were abandoning their own farms running away one point* p.i.g.s. were running loose through abandoned villages, like a nightmare scenario but it really happened. almost like the book of exodus infectious p.i.g.s. running wild and one fellow called it the 1 mile barking cough because you could hear them coming. you knew your pig farm would be next. encephalitis is the disease in humans. this is what they do, try to solve the ecology and evolutionary biology. where does the virus live? what is the reservoir host? having humans come in contact? water they doing and it is that hot disruption that causes the of spillover that some time is the intermediate animals. and australia the fibrous falls out of fats and gets into the horse's. they are referred to as the amplifier host it reproduces abundantly in then then gets into people. the case in australia it is named af
people, how they reacted to these adventures and how they may have supported the afghanistan government i guess, are there other tales or difficulties travelers had with the people they encountered? >> constant. that social friction or political friction is always there. it is very clear that it is imperialism that helps white travelers get around world, having that kind of political control over strategic territory that makes it possible. that is one reason it gets a lot easier in the nineteenth century. earlier european mariners could have expected anyone would welcome in a lot of parts of the world, that makes it harder. i think the scurvy a lot of mariners died from was precisely because they can't get the land to get anything so that is a political problem more than a natural one but nineteenth century, it is empire that gives access but increasingly there is resistance to that especially from nations that are not part of empires and fear that they might be sort of nudge into somebody's empire and they are not actually welcoming to western travelers. why should they be? it is interes
of government and exposing in such a way that their degradation to the people of georgia were corrected. and that is what he did. he concentrated on those individual things. the people in georgia would no that if they had experience in their own community have someone that was cheating or violating basic principles of human rights, they could contact. they could not call their own state police or their own shares in the county. they could call jack nelson and he could take care of it from the top levels of the way down to the county commission level. he went to harvard, i think, on the. i believe this second year that i was in the state senate, and then he came back and put my last time in the state senate. from there he went on to the an employee at the of the l.a. times because they offered him 50% increase in salary. that was something that he could not turn down. he had a wife and three kids to take care of. i've experienced this kind of things myself. but that was why when i got to washington i was not particularly afraid of jack nelson. one reason was jack, if you'll excuse the ex
will gradually become more and more except of old. i guess i have to jump here. invisible government is his and that secret on between government and he has malefactors of great will and he has got great white fleet which is what he dubs the group that would go around the world. nature of fakers is his. research reading some of these nature writers who are tribute in a phenomenal powers of animals. of the wolves and the hu e. pioneer children out of the woods from starvation and animals from biblical precision. and of course he comes up with this term nature of fakers and crusades against seton thompson who was one of the major fakers. one of my favorites which i actually -- improve this before he died a lot of this stuff is deeply involved with sapphire. i did a lot of research on some of these terms including mulligan and i will come back to that in the second. but the term that teddy roosevelt which was loose canon not in the nautical sense of the canon on it carriage floating around on the deck of a ship but the loose canon being the erratic, the person out of control, the person who
different. those are command-and-control cities strong governments and athletic facilities and if that disease emerged in a province of the democratic republic of the congo, it has a lot of disadvantages and the disadvantages would have been probably very consequential or something like sars had come out at that time. .. part of what makes us, the human population and our extension a force of riot damage very dry tinder waiting for a spark. i mentioned the case in malaysia, the fact that pigs were kept in these huge outdoor compounds and they were arranged in a particular way with fruit trees was part of what resulted in that spillover. the other thing is huge aggregations of wildlife also represent populations in which a bug can evolve. more abundantly a virus replicates the more it is likely to mutate and it is an rna virus it is a double helix dna virus, mutation rate will be particularly high and generate a lot of change, as it replicates itself and that is great for darwinian natural selection so arenaviruses evolve more quickly than other pathogens and if you let them
fringe that takes over and destroys. roosevelt has got, um, he's got invisible government is his, a secret bond between government and business. he's got malefactors of great wealth. he's got great white fleet which is what he dubs the group, the fleet that'll go around the world. nature fakers is his. he starts reading some of these nature writers who are attributing a phenomenal powers to animals, you know, wolves who lead pioneer children out of the woods from starvation and animals with codes of of behavior and animals which act with biblical precision. and, of course, he comes up with this term nature fakers and he crusades against them. earnest thompson is one of the nature fakers, and he goes after him. the -- one of my favorites which is, actually, william sapphire is the one who proved this before he died was, who a lot of this stuff is, of course, deeply involved with of sapphire, and i did some, a lot of research for sapphire and some of these terms including mulligan with eisenhower. i'll come back to that in a second. but the term that teddy roosevelt which was loose
government. basically because of little peg. ultimately, after two terms as president, eight years, jackson was so popular he could have won a third term. he was beloved by the people, despite the scandal or perhaps because of the scandal. the masses loved the great commoner, andrew jackson. some-aiz -- some of his opponents had bad mouthed little peg and his wife, wanted to oppose him. so jackson reaches out to his kitchen cabinet about the only member of his inner circle who didn't say bad things about peg and gets that person to run in his place. that's martin van buren, the little magician, as they called him. otherwise ratherrer relevant politician. martin van buren is happened picked by jackson to continue his legacy. martin van buren wins. and jackson picks him because he's the only ally to jackson who doesn't treat peg bad. why is van buren who doesn't mind peg being around? van buren was a widower. [laughter] so it ties into that cabinet wives/petticoat government. so little peg, having a whore in the white house affected the outcome of a presidential election in 1836. bizarre. so
was from st. louis, which got the government to build a big gateway arch and started calling itself the gateway to the west before that they were known as mound city, which always drew the question, mound of what? [laughter] so you can't blame them, really. although we don't think it as the gateway of the as west. we think of if it as the exit from the east. [laughter] there's some similarities between tsl elliot and me. we both use foreign language in our poetry. he tends to use san san crypt. i don't use much of that. i actually don't know much of that language. i was one of the kids that got dreaming during the sanskrit class in kansas city. [laughter] look out the window. i use yiddish though. [laughter] i think it's fair to say that tsl elliot was not partial to yiddish. i -- my shortest poem uses yiddish. my shortest poem was called something like "the societal, political, and philosophical implications of the o.j. simpson trial ." the title doesn't count in the length. and y. oey vey. [laughter] and also when yugoslavia started to break up, i did a poem that said cro asians w
you're own government telling you to commit suicide, which is -- c-span: with the fbi recess? >> guest: absolutely. absolutely. in a higher political regions. see, i think there's a very -- i have some fbi characters in here that our heroes, but most people -- c-span: like? give me a -- >> guest: like joe sullivan. the man who sold several of the cases down in st. augustine, florida, which is one of the unsung stories of the period. and then he went over to mississippi. he was the model for inspector erskine, and the long-running fbi series. he was a no-nonsense copper. and like most fbi agents, they don't go in there with an envisioned to do political work, which means listening to your phones and planning propaganda and going around calling into people's private lives. they doing to solve cases. so you have a delicious or a painful conflict running in this era. you have the most spectacular political misuse of the fbi going on at the same time the fbi is trying to solve new kinds of crime and confronting the plan down in the south at the time when they were almost at will committing
in into government. and one day roosevelt said to himself, why can't i invite booker t. to join me for dinner and mix business with pleasure? it was an innocent invitation, and it unleashed just an incredible outpouring of indignation from all over the world, because it had never happened before. >> host: was the president's schedule always public or how did people find out? >> guest: the president's schedule was always public and was covered by some lowly journalist who probably hated this job. it was his job to report that roosevelt had lunch with so and so or a meeting with so and so, and the dinner took place in the evening, and at about midnight, the journalist looked at the president's schedule and probably rubbed his eyes because he saw that booker t. washington had dined with the president. the news went out on the wire, and it was like a thunder clap. it was picked up by every newspaper, five inch headlines, most of them saying things that we literally cannot repeat today. about why this dinner was such an outrage. >> host: what was the reaction of mr. washington and of the president? >> gue
of his movements within the government in nairobi, over the ensuing decades, was filled with political intrigue and frustration. and after just doing five days of interviews in kenya, three in nairobi and to out here, my mind is spinning with all the intrigues that i've heard. i have heard one story after another of the manipulations and death threats, and people losing their jobs because of tribalism, of some other sort of move for power. and barack obama unavoidably was caught up in that. spent another 10 that is come up is alcoholic. >> i think that barack obama, sr. definitely had a drinking problem. many of the people that i've interviewed have called an outright and alcoholic. some of his family members who were reluctant to go that far just say he drank a lot. but he certainly, there were a lot of occasions where, many of the people i interviewed said that he loved his double bubble. a double with double scotch, and would drink at any hour of the day, and that it really didn't affect his life. they attributed in part to just, you know, and alcoholic is a generic thing, but also
in the government in nairobi in the ensuing decades filled with political frustrations. after just doing five days of interviews in kenya, three in nairobi and two of them out here my mind is spinning with all of the intrigue that i've heard. it's just one story after another of the manipulation and the death threats and people losing their jobs because of tribalism or some. he was caught up in that. >> host: is that a term that has come up? >> guest: i think barack obama, senior differently had a drinking problem. many of the people i interviewed they wouldn't go that far they would just say he drank a lot. but there were a lot of locations where many of the people i've interviewed said that he loved his double double, double whiskey, a double scotch, and they really did affect his life and they attributed to an alcoholic as a general thing but because of his family and employment ups and downs it exaggerated its. i think the word womanizer actually is used in kenya and the same way that it is in the united states partly because much of kenya is a polygamist culture. from where he came as part of
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